These were the followings: Urban expansion, population and tourism growth and associated water supply and wastewater handling issues, water availability/water-logging for green sectors and terrestrial ecosystems, sectoral land competition, active and significant contribution of past nutrient legacy sources to inland, coastal and marine waters, lack of water flow and nutrient monitoring, and policy implementation
Potential solution pathways that may be driven by policy and/or market forces will be explored through model simulation and testing for various types of local/regional development/change scenarios. These scenario analyses and their implications can be related to the key overarching frameworks of the European Green Deal (protecting nature, eliminating pollution, and climate past-law), the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) in Agenda 2030 (SDGs 6, 13, 11, 14 and 15), the spatial socioeconomic pathways of global change scenarios (through urbanization, population, RCP-climate scenario, and GDP relations), and the marine spatial planning of Sweden specifically for the Baltic Sea proper.
To engage relevant stakeholders in developing scenarios and identifying business and policy potentials for promoting land-coast-sea synergies, the MAL3 lead partner organized the second round of multi-actor workshops in November 2020 in form of an online event due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In this workshop, key local and regional stakeholders discussed the types of expected results from scenario analysis by the MAL3 SD model to be associated with quantification of water availability/exchanges, water quality relating to seawater intrusion risk and coastal wastewater handling, and waterborne nutrient loads/exchanges for various hydro-climatic changes and sector development. Participants also highlighted possible business and policy solutions and suggested relevant transition actions. The outcomes of the workshop will be summarized and shared with the COASTAL WP3 and WP5 lead partners to further support their tasks of developing MAL-specific business roadmaps and transition pathways.